Francisco Jonathan Ramírez Coronado
Ph.D. student (Cybernetics)
Instituto Tecnológico de Tijuana, México
Towards industry 4.0 in the R&D for manufacturing of solar cells.
The fabrication of solar cells (SC) has been improved from the first generation to the last. The first generation is based on silicon monocrystals, same that have a high efficiency, however they have a high manufacturing cost. The second generation it classifies as a-Si, CdTe, CIGS, and their fabrication methods have lower cost; nevertheless, those has a higher toxicity than the first generation. The third generation emerges in the recent decades as an alternative, with lower manufacturing costs, materials compatible with the environment and acceptable efficiencies of energy conversion.
On the other hand the industry has been evolving with the time since the steam machines, production lines, mass production, automated systems y now implementing smart systems and data bases for the production process. This multidisciplinary project has an a objective to the production of DSSC solar cells, reducing human error, doing so that the manufacturing of the cells is controlled, get better quality and efficiency, and give a greater push to the research of solar cells and renewable energy.